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Title: III-V semiconductor Quantum Well systems: physics of GaAs two-dimensional hole systems and engineering of mid-infrared Quantum Cascade lasers
Authors: Chiu, YenTing
Advisors: Gmachl, Claire B
Contributors: Electrical Engineering Department
Keywords: Intersubband
Low-dimensional system
Quantum Cascade Laser
Quantum Qell
Subjects: Electrical engineering
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University
Abstract: This dissertation examines two types of III-V semiconductor quantum well systems: two-dimensional holes in GaAs, and mid-infrared Quantum Cascade lasers. GaAs holes have a much reduced hyperfine interaction with the nuclei due to the p-like orbital, resulting in a longer hole spin coherence time comparing to the electron spin coherence time. Therefore, holes' spins are promising candidates for quantum computing qubits, but the effective mass and the Lande g-factor, whose product determines the spin-susceptibility of holes, are not well known. In this thesis, we measure the effective hole mass through analyzing the temperature dependence of Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations in a relatively strong interacting two-dimensional hole systems confined to a 20 nm-wide, (311)A GaAs quantum well. The holes in this system occupy two nearly-degenerate spin subbands whose effective mass we measure to be $\sim $ 0.2 $m_{e}$. We then apply a sufficiently strong parallel magnetic field to fully depopulate one of the spin subbands, and the spin susceptibility of the two-dimensional hole system is deduced from the depopulation field. We also confine holes in closely spaced bilayer GaAs quantum wells to study the interlayer tunneling spectrum as a function of interlayer bias and in-plane magnetic field, in hope of probing the hole's Fermi contour. Quantum Cascade lasers are one of the major mid-infrared light sources well suited for applications in health and environmental sensing. One of the important factors that affect Quantum Cascade laser performance is the quality of the interfaces between the epitaxial layers. What has long been neglected is that interface roughness causes intersubband scattering, and thus affecting the relation between the lifetimes of the upper and lower laser states, which determines if population inversion is possible. We first utilize strategically added interface roughness in the laser design to engineer the intersubband scattering lifetimes. We further experimentally prove the importance of interface roughness on intersubband scattering by measuring the electron transit time of different quantum cascade lasers and comparing them to the calculated upper laser level lifetimes with and without taking into account interface roughness induced intersubband scattering. A significantly better correlation is found between the experimental results and the calculation when the interface roughness scattering is included. Lastly, we study the effect of growth asymmetry on scattering mechanisms in mid-infrared Quantum Cascade lasers. Due to the dopant migration of around 10 nm along the growth direction of InGaAs/InAlAs Quantum Cascade laser structures, ionized impurity scattering is found to have a non-negligible influence on the lifetime of the upper laser level when the laser is biased in the polarity that electrons flow along the growth direction, in sharp contrast to the situation for the opposite polarity.
Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog
Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.)
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Electrical Engineering

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