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Title: Entanglement and dynamics in many-body systems
Authors: Chandran, Anushya
Advisors: Sondhi, Shivaji L
Contributors: Physics Department
Keywords: Dynamics
Fractional quantum Hall
Subjects: Physics
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University
Abstract: In the first part of this dissertation, we study the dynamics of isolated and clean quantum systems out of equilibrium. We initially address the Kibble-Zurek (KZ) problem of determining the dynamical evolution of a system close to its critical point under slow changes of a control parameter. We formulate a scaling limit in which the nonequilibrium behavior is universal and discuss the universal content. We then report computations of some scaling functions in model Gaussian and large-N problems. Next, we apply KZ scaling to topologically ordered systems with no local order parameter. In the examples of the Ising gauge theory and the SU(2)k phases of the Levin-Wen models, we observe a slow, coarsening dynamics for the string-net that underlies the physics of the topological phase at late times for ramps across transitions that reduce topological order. We conclude by studying quenches in the quantum O(N) model in the infinite N limit in varying spatial dimensions. Despite the failure to equilibrate owing to an infinite number of emergent conservation laws, the qualitative features of late time states following quenches is predicted by the equilibrium phase diagram. In the second part of this dissertation, we explore the relationship between entanglement and topological order in fractional quantum Hall (FQH) phases. In 2008, Li and Haldane conjectured that the entanglement spectrum (ES), a presentation of the Schmidt values of a real space cut, reflects the energy spectrum of the FQH chiral edge. Specifically, both spectra should have the same quasi-degeneracy of eigenvalues everywhere in the phase. We offer an analytic, microscopic proof of this conjecture in the Read-Rezayi sequence of model states. We further identify a different ES that reflects the bulk quasihole spectrum and prove a bulk-edge correspondence in the ES. Finally, we show that the finite-size corrections of the ES of the Laughlin states reveal the fractionalization of the underlying quasiparticles.
Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog
Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.)
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Physics

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