Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

`http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp018g84mq13p`

Title: | Some Problems in Four-dimensional Conformal Geometry |

Authors: | Zhang, Siyi |

Advisors: | Chang, Sun-Yung A. |

Contributors: | Mathematics Department |

Keywords: | Analysis of PDEs Conformal geometry Differential geometry |

Subjects: | Mathematics Theoretical mathematics |

Issue Date: | 2019 |

Publisher: | Princeton, NJ : Princeton University |

Abstract: | In this thesis, we study some problems in four-dimensional conformal geometry. This thesis consists of two main parts: conformally invariant characterization of $\mathbb{CP}^2$ and conformally invariant gap theorems for Bach-flat metrics. In the first part, we extend the sphere theorem of \cite{CGY03} to give a conformally invariant characterization of $(\mathbb{CP}^2, g_{FS})$. In particular, we introduce a conformal invariant $\beta(M^4,[g]) \geq 0$ defined on conformal four-manifolds satisfying a positivity condition; it follows from \cite{CGY03} that if $0 \leq \beta(M^4,[g]) < 4$, then $M^4$ is diffeomorphic to $S^4$. Our main result is a gap result showing that if $b_2^{+}(M^4) > 0$ and $4 \leq \beta(M^4,[g]) < 4(1 + \epsilon)$ for $\epsilon > 0$ small enough, then $M^4$ is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{CP}^2$. The Ricci flow is used in a crucial way to pass from the bounds on $\beta$ to pointwise curvature information. We also prove a lower bound for $\beta(M)$ under some topological conditions. In the second part, we extend a conformal gap theorem for Bach-flat metrics with round sphere as model case established in \cite{CQY} to prove conformally invariant gap theorems for Bach-flat $4$-manifolds with $(\mathbb{CP}^2, g_{FS})$ and $({S}^2\times{S}^2,g_{p})$ as model cases. A Moser-type iteration argument plays an important role in the case of $(\mathbb{CP}^2, g_{FS})$ and the convergence theory of Bach-flat metrics is of particular importance in the case of $({S}^2\times{S}^2,g_{p})$. |

URI: | http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp018g84mq13p |

Alternate format: | The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog: catalog.princeton.edu |

Type of Material: | Academic dissertations (Ph.D.) |

Language: | en |

Appears in Collections: | Mathematics |

Files in This Item:

File | Description | Size | Format | |
---|---|---|---|---|

Zhang_princeton_0181D_12960.pdf | 360.51 kB | Adobe PDF | View/Download |

Items in Dataspace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.