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Title: The Effect of the Minimum Wage on the Fast Food Industry
Authors: Krueger, Alan B.
Katz, Lawrence
Keywords: minimum wage
subminimum wage
Issue Date: 1-Feb-1992
Citation: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol 46, No. 1, October, 1992
Series/Report no.: Working Papers (Princeton University. Industrial Relations Section) ; 298
Abstract: Using data from a longitudinal survey of fast food restaurants in Texas, the authors examine the impact of recent changes in the federal minimum wage on a low-wage labor market. The authors draw three main conclusions. first. the survey results indicate that less than 5 percent of fast food restaurants use the new youth subminimum wage even though the vast majority paid a starting wage below the new hourly minimum wage immediately before it went into effect. Second, although some restaurants increased wages by an amount exceeding that necessary to comply with higher minimum wages in both 1990 and 1991, recent increases in the federal minimum wage have greatly compressed the distribution of starting wages in the Texas fast food industry. Third, employment increased relatively in those firms likely to have been most affected by the 1991 minimum wage increase, while price changes appear to be unrelated to mandated wage changes. These employment and price changes do not seem consistent with conventional views of the effects of increases in a binding minimum wage.
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