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Title: TRANSP-based closed-loop simulations of current profile optimal regulation in NSTX-Upgrade
Contributors: Ilhan, Z.O.
Boyer. M.D.
Schuster, E.
U. S. Department of Energy
Keywords: NSTX-U
plasma control
current profile control
Issue Date: Mar-2019
Publisher: Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University
Related Publication: Fusion Engineering and Design
Abstract: Active control of the toroidal current density profile is critical for the upgraded National Spherical Torus eXperiment device (NSTX-U) to maintain operation at the desired high-performance, MHD-stable, plasma regime. Initial efforts towards current density profile control have led to the development of a control-oriented, physics-based, plasma-response model, which combines the magnetic diffusion equation with empirical correlations for the kinetic profiles and the non-inductive current sources. The developed control-oriented model has been successfully tailored to the NSTX-U geometry and actuators. Moreover, a series of efforts have been made towards the design of model-based controllers, including a linear-quadratic-integral optimal control strategy that can regulate the current density profile around a prescribed target profile while rejecting disturbances. In this work, the tracking performance of the proposed current-profile optimal controller is tested in numerical simulations based on the physics-oriented code TRANSP. These high-fidelity closed-loop simulations, which are a critical step before experimental implementation and testing, are enabled by a flexible framework recently developed to perform feedback control design and simulation in TRANSP.
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