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Title: Plasma measurements of the Fe XVII L-shell emission and blending with F VIII and F IX
Contributors: Beiersdorfer, P.
Lepson, J.K.
Gu, M.F.
Bitter, M.
U. S. Department of Energy contract number DE-AC02-09CH11466
Keywords: Atomic processes
X-ray line formation
Stellar corona
iron emission
flourine emission
Issue Date: Nov-2017
Publisher: Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University
Related Publication: Astrophysical Journal (November 2017)
Abstract: We measured the L-shell emission spectrum of Fe XVII in a low-density, low-gradient magnetically confined laboratory plasma that contains predominantly C, O, Fe, and Ni as trace elements and find excellent agreement with the relative spectral emission obtained in solar and astrophysical observations. However, we obtained spectra that appear to have an usually large 1s^22s^22p^5_{1/2}3d_{3/2} --> 1s^22s^22p^6 Fe XVII resonance transition, commonly labeled 3C, from hot plasmas that also contain F. The wavelength of the Ly-alpha feature of F IX is coincident with the wavelength of the Fe XVII line 3C within one part in 538, and its flux, therefore, enhances the Fe XVII resonance line. Moreover, the resonance and forbidden lines of F VIII are close to the 3s --> 2p transitions in Fe XVII, and may further alter the inferred apparent Fe XVII line ratios, particularly in spectrometers with moderate spectral resolution. The enhanced emission of line 3C, thus, can serve as a new spectral diagnostic for the detection of fluorine in astrophysical plasmas.
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