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Title: Dosage Compensation in Drosophila Melanogaster: roX1 and roX2 Insulator Activity
Authors: Waugh, Aidan
Advisors: Schedl, Paul
Department: Molecular Biology
Class Year: 2018
Abstract: Dosage compensation is a highly conserved process across species that is necessary for correct embryonic development. It is the equalization of transcriptional activation of essential genes across sex-linked chromosomes. In Drosophila melanogaster the Male specific lethal (MSL) complex binds to MSL recognition elements (MRE) within Chromatin entry sites (CES) and spreads to active genes on male the X chromosome and increases transcriptional regulation by 2 fold. Pre-existing arrangement of the CES in space established by long-range interactions between them is necessary for MSL complex recruitment and spreading. By Schedl Lab, an insulator complex LBC was shown to bind to CES. Thus, CES could potentially establish the X chromosome 3D network responsible for MSL binding based on the insulator-like properties of the CES. In this study, I aimed at finding out whether two of the most important CES, roX1 and roX2, exhibit boundary region activity in vivo via transvection assay. I show that the minimal LBC-bound region is insufficient to mediate transvection, and propose that some additional sequences may be required for full boundary function based on the analysis of insulator proteins ChIP-seq data.
Type of Material: Princeton University Senior Theses
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Molecular Biology, 1954-2019

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