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Title: Income Taxes and Entrepreneurs' Use of Labor
Authors: Carroll, Robert
Holtz-Eakin, Douglas
Rider, Mark
Rosen, Harvey S.
Keywords: income taxes
Issue Date: 1-Dec-1996
Citation: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 18, No. 2 ,April, 2000
Series/Report no.: Working Papers (Princeton University. Industrial Relations Section) ; 373
Abstract: This paper investigates the effect of entrepreneurs’ personal income tax situations on their use of labor. We analyze the income tax returns of a large number of sole proprietors before and after the Tax Reform Act of 1986 and determine how the substantial reductions in marginal tax rates associated with that law affected their decisions to hire labor and the size of their wage bills. We find that individual income taxes exert a statistically and quantitatively significant influence on the probability that an entrepreneur hires workers. A 6 percentage point reduction in the marginal tax rate of an entrepreneur in the 39.6 percent bracket induces an approximately 1 1.8 percent increase in the probability that he hires labor. Further, conditional on hiring employees, taxes also influence the total wage payments to those workers. The elasticity of the median wage bill with respect to the marginal tax rate is about 0.397.
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Appears in Collections:IRS Working Papers

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