Skip navigation
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: First impurity powder injection experiments in LHD
Contributors: Nespoli F., Ashikawa N., Gilson E.P., Lunsford R., Masuzaki S., Shoji M., Oishi T., Suzuki C., Nagy A., Mollen A., Pablant N.A., Ida K., Yoshinuma M., Tamura N., Gates D.A., Morisaki T., and the LHD experiment group
U. S. Department of Energy
Keywords: Powder
Impurity injection
Impurity Transport
Helical plasma
Issue Date: Nov-2020
Publisher: Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University
Related Publication: Nuclear Materials and Energy
Abstract: Injection of impurities in the form of sub-millimeter powder grains is performed for the first time in the Large Helical Device (LHD) plasma, employing the Impurity Powder Dropper (IPD) [A. Nagy et al., RSI 2018], developed and built by PPPL. Controlled amounts of boron (B) and boron nitride (BN) powder are injected into the helical plasma. Visible camera imaging, UV and charge exchange spectroscopy measurements show that the injected impurities effectively penetrate into the plasma in two different magnetic configurations.The prompt effects of the impurities on the plasma are characterized as the injection rate is scanned. The injected impurities provide a supplemental electron source, causing the plasma density to increase, together with the radiated power. Beneficial effects on the confined plasma temperature are observed at low plasma densities, due to an increased efficiency in NBI power absorption. For $n_{e,av}<10^{19}m^{-3}$ the powder grains penetrate deeper into the plasma, as they can be less effectively deflected by the plasma flow in the divertor leg, which they have to cross first as they are injected from the top of the machine.In this case, the created B ions are observed to move outwards from UV spectroscopy and charge exchange measurements, due to the outwards direction of the radial electric field. This makes low density plasmas a better candidate for powder boronization techniques.
Appears in Collections:Stellarators

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
README.txt2.48 kBTextView/Download
ARK_DATA.zip5.79 MBUnknownView/Download

Items in Dataspace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.