Skip navigation
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Designing Deployment Policies to Maximize the Co-benefits of China's Clean Energy Transition
Authors: Yang, Junnan
Advisors: Mauzerall, Denise L.
Contributors: Public and International Affairs Department
Keywords: Air pollution
Battery energy storage
Clean energy transition
Climate change mitigation
Residential space heating
Solar photovoltaic
Subjects: Public policy
Environmental studies
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University
Abstract: China’s rapid economic growth over the past few decades has been fueled by the coal-dominated energy system. The increasing consumption of coal and other fossil fuels has resulted in a dramatic increase in China’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and worsening ambient air quality. The Chinese government has designed and implemented various deployment policies to support the transition toward significantly less coal and other fossil fuel consumption. My dissertation focuses on the climate, air quality, and industrial growth co-benefits of various deployment policies in China. It includes three analytical chapters. Chapter 2 analyzes the climate, air quality and human health benefits of various solar PV deployment scenarios in China in 2030. I find that deploying distributed PV in the east with inter-provincial transmission maximizes potential CO2 reductions and air quality-related health benefits. Deployment in the east with inter-provincial transmission results in the largest benefits because it maximizes displacement of the dirtiest coal-fired power plants and minimizes PV curtailment, which is more likely to occur without inter-provincial transmission. Chapter 3 analyzes the climate, air quality and human health implications of replacing small heating stoves with gas and electric heating in China. I examine the implications of using gas (conventional gas or coal-based synthetic natural gas (SNG)) and electricity (either resistance heaters or air-source heat pumps) for heating. I find deploying heat pumps as a substitute for small solid fuel stoves for heating has the greatest long-term potential of significant air quality and climate co-benefits as China further decarbonizes its power sector. Chapter 4 analyzes the role of deployment policies in promoting industrial growth in China’s wind, solar PV and Lithium-ion battery industries. I argue that deployment policies are effective to support industrial growth when the end uses of the clean energy technology are relatively few and concentrated. For battery storage technology, I find that there are multiple use cases of storage systems in the power sector, which makes direct subsidization for battery storage systems less effective in promoting the Li-ion battery industry compared to China’s wind and solar industries.
Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog:
Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.)
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Public and International Affairs

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Yang_princeton_0181D_12873.pdf5.19 MBAdobe PDFView/Download

Items in Dataspace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.