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Title: An Evaluation of the Swedish Active Labor Market Policy: New and Received Wisdom
Authors: Forslund, Anders
Krueger, Alan B.
Keywords: Sweden
labor market
active labor market programs
Issue Date: 1-Jul-1994
Citation: In Richard Freeman, Brigitta Swedenborg and Robert Topel (eds.), The Welfare State in Transition (Chicago:University of Chicago Press, 1996)
Series/Report no.: Working Papers (Princeton University. Industrial Relations Section) ; 332
Abstract: About 3% of GNP is spent on government labor market programs in Sweden, compared to 2% in Germany and less than 0.5% in the U.S. In Sweden these programs include extensive job training, public sector relief work, recruitment subsidies, youth programs, mobility bonuses, and unemployment benefits. Using county-level data, we provide new evidence that public relief workers displace other workers, especially in the construction sector. Our review of the previous literature suggests that job training programs have small effects on wages and re—employment in Sweden, but precise inferences are difficult because of small sample sizes. We also investigate alternative reasons for the stability of the Beveridge Curve in Sweden, and compare regional evolutions of employment and unemployment in Sweden and the U.S. Lastly, we present cross-country analysis for 1993 which, contrary to studies that use earlier data, shows that the extent of a country's active labor market programs is positively associated with the national unemployment rate.
Appears in Collections:IRS Working Papers

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