Skip navigation
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp01pv63g332x
Title: Data for: "Financing Carbon Lock-in in Developing Countries: Bilateral Financing for Power Generation Technologies from China, Japan, and the United States"
Contributors: Chen, Xu
Li, Zhongshu
Gallagher, Kevin P.
Mauzerall, Denise L.
Keywords: Bilateral financing
Development finance institutions
Foreign direct investment
Power generation
Issue Date: 8-Jul-2021
Publisher: Princeton University
Abstract: Power sector decarbonization requires a fundamental redirection of global finance from fossil fuel infrastructure towards low carbon technologies. Bilateral finance plays an important role in the global energy transition to non-fossil energy, but an understanding of its impact is limited. Here, for the first time, we compare the influence of overseas finance from the three largest economies – United States, China, and Japan – on power generation development beyond their borders and evaluate the associated long-term CO2 emissions. We construct a new dataset of Japanese and U.S. overseas power generation finance between 2000-2018 by analyzing their national development finance institutions’ press releases and annual reports and tracking their foreign direct investment at the power plant level. Synthesizing this new data with previously developed datasets for China, we find that the three countries’ overseas financing concentrated in fossil fuel power technologies over the studied period. Financing commitments from China, Japan, and the United States facilitated 101 GW, 95 GW, and 47 GW overseas power capacity additions, respectively. The majority of facilitated capacity additions are fossil fuel plants (64% for China, 87% for Japan, and 66% for the United States). Each of the countries’ contributions to non-hydro renewable generation was less than 15% of their facilitated capacity additions. Together, we estimate that overseas fossil fuel power financing through 2018 from these three countries will lock in 24 Gt CO2 emissions by 2060. If climate targets are to be met, replacing bilateral fossil fuel financing with financing of renewable technologies is crucial.
Description: This dataset contains bilateral power generation financing data from China, Japan, and the United States in the paper "Financing Carbon Lock-in in Developing Countries: Bilateral Financing for Power Generation Technologies from China, Japan, and the United States” by Xu Chen, Zhongshu Li, Kevin P. Gallagher, and Denise L. Mauzerall published in Applied Energy.
URI: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp01pv63g332x
https://doi.org/10.34770/dgqm-rk88
Appears in Collections:C-PREE Research Data Sets

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
README.txt2.02 kBTextView/Download
Bilateral-power-financing-dataset.xlsx67.09 kBMicrosoft Excel XMLView/Download


Items in Dataspace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.