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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp01n870zt492
Title: The Intergenerational Effects of Parental Incarceration
Authors: Dobbie, Will
Gronqvist, Hans
Niknami, Susan
Palme, Marten
Priks, Mikael
Issue Date: Jan-2018
Series/Report no.: 617
Abstract: We estimate the causal effect of parental incarceration on children’s medium-run outcomes using administrative data from Sweden. Our empirical strategy exploits exogenous variation in parental incarceration from the random assignment of criminal defendants to judges with different incarceration tendencies. We find that the incarceration of a parent in childhood leads to significant increases in teen crime and pregnancy and a significant decrease in early-life employment. The effects are concentrated among children from the most disadvantaged families, where teen crime increases by 18 percentage points, teen pregnancy increases by 8 percentage points, and employment at age 20 decreases by 28 percentage points. In contrast, there are no detectable effects among children from more advantaged families. These results imply that the incarceration of parents with young children may increase the intergenerational persistence of poverty and criminal behavior, even in affluent countries with extensive social safety nets.
URI: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp01n870zt492
Appears in Collections:IRS Working Papers

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