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Authors: Pehl, Christa Lynn
Advisors: Heller, Wendy
Contributors: Music Department
Keywords: circulation
commonplace books
history of education
music education
music manuscripts
Pensylvania history
Subjects: Music
American studies
Women's studies
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University
Abstract: This dissertation examines musical culture in Pennsylvania in the 1790s and early 1800s through the study of manuscript collections and the lives of the men and women who compiled them. My study of these documents as musical commonplace books not only reveals a host of information about the compilers, their education, their musical tastes, and the musical cultures in which they lived, but my research also shows that Americans had access to a much larger range of printed music than the study of American imprints and newspaper advertisements for imported music and concerts have led scholars to believe. The first chapter details the broader historical and social contexts that shaped musical culture in Pennsylvania around the turn of the 19th century and the theoretical underpinnings of American education that influenced the ways in which music was learned. The focus on education continues in Chapter 2, where I consider manuscript collections copied by Elizabeth Henry and Eleanor Byrne while they attended the prestigious Moravian Young Ladies’ Seminary in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania in the 1790s. An examination of their collections in the context of school documents sheds light on their musical tastes and training, both individually and within the community Moving away from an institution as a source of learning, Chapters 3 and 4 focus on manuscripts compiled by men in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, neighbors who appeared to learn from one another and shared music despite varied musical preference and skill levels. I explore the nature of musical commonplacing in the manuscripts compiled by Caspar Schaffner Jr., a scrivener in Lancaster, which show a great deal about how printed music circulated and functioned during this period. In Chapter 4, my examination of Schaffner Jr.’s collection along with manuscripts by his father, Caspar Schaffner Sr., and neighbor, John Hoff, allows me to reconstruct ways in which music was shared and demonstrates the vast library of music being played in Lancaster at the time. My study thus demonstrates the value of manuscripts for understanding the complexities of print culture and musical culture within the home, where gender difference manifested itself in unexpected ways.
Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog:
Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.)
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Music

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