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|Variation in Racial Disparities in Police Use of Force
police use of force
JEL Classiﬁcation: J15, K42
|I examine racial disparities in police use of force using new data from New Jersey. I ﬁnd that blacks and Hispanics are more likely to have more severe types of force used against them conditional on force, that these disparities persist after adjusting for an exhaustive set of factors and using new methods to limit selection bias, and that they increase with force severity. I then extend empirical Bayes methods to estimate department-speciﬁc racial diﬀerences, ﬁnding signiﬁcant variation across New Jersey’s hundreds of departments. Finally, I observe that oﬃcer diversity cannot predict these departmental disparities, though income and inequality may.
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|IRS Working Papers
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