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Title: Adhesion and the Lamination/Failure of Stretchable Organic and Composite Organic/Inorganic Electronic Structures
Authors: Yu, Deying
Advisors: Soboyejo, Winston O.
Contributors: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department
Subjects: Materials Science
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University
Abstract: Stretchable organic electronics have emerged as interesting technologies for several applications where stretchability is considered important. The easy and low-cost deposition procedures for the fabrication of stretchable organic solar cells and organic light emitting devices reduce the overall cost for the fabrication of these devices. However, the interfacial cracks and defects at the interfaces of the devices, during fabrication, are detrimental to the performance of stretchable organic electronic devices. Also, as the devices are deformed under service conditions, it is possible for cracks to grow. Furthermore, the multilayered structures of the devices can fail due to the delamination and buckling of the layered structures. There is, therefore, a need to study the failure mechanism in the layered structures that are relevant to stretchable organic electronic devices. Hence, in this study, a combined experimental, analytical and computational approach is used to study the effects of adhesion and deformation on the failure mechanisms in structures that are relevant to stretchable electronic devices. First, the failure mechanisms are studied in stretchable inorganic electronic structures. The wrinkles and buckles are formed by the unloading of pre-stretched PDMS/Au structure, after the evaporation of nano-scale Au layers. They are then characterized using atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Analytical models are used to determine the critical stresses for wrinkling and buckling. The interfacial cracking and film buckling that can occur are also studied using finite element simulations. The implications of the results are then discussed for the potential applications of micro-wrinkles and micro-buckles in the stretchable electronic structures and biomedical devices. Subsequently, the adhesion between bi-material pairs that are relevant to organic light emitting devices, composite organic/inorganic light emitting devices, organic bulk heterojunction solar cells, and composite organic/inorganic solar cells on flexible substrates, is measured using force microscopy (AFM) techniques. The AFM measurements are incorporated into the Derjaguin-Muller-Toporov model to calculate the adhesion energies. The implications of the results are then discussed for the design of robust organic and composite organic/inorganic electronic devices. Finally, the lamination of organic solar cells and organic light emitting devices is studied using a combination of experimental, computational, and analytical approaches. First, the effects of applied lamination force (on contact between the laminated layers) are studied using experiments and models. The crack driving forces associated with the interfacial cracks that form at the interfaces between layers (at the bi-material interfaces) are estimated along with the critical interfacial crack driving forces associated with the separation of thin films, after layer transfer. The conditions for successful lamination are predicted using a combination of experiments and models. Guidelines are developed for the lamination of low-cost organic electronic structures.
Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog:
Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.)
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

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