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Title: Organizational Diversity Programs and Individual Outcomes
Authors: Xu, Janet
Advisors: Salganik, Matthew J.
Contributors: Sociology Department
Subjects: Sociology
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University
Abstract: In recent decades, opportunity-enhancing affirmative action programs – such as selective diversity scholarships and pipeline programs – have proliferated in universities and a wide range of industries. Emphasizing individual merit and conceptualizing “contributions to diversity” in a broad, race-neutral manner, these initiatives are appealing policy tools for organizations facing demands to diversify while navigating a legal environment that constrains what they can do to achieve those goals. Previous social scientific research has focused on the organizational-level outcomes of diversity initiatives, providing few insights on how programs affect their intended beneficiaries’ individual-level labor market outcomes. This dissertation provides new empirical evidence on the individual-level effects of opportunity-enhancing diversity initiatives and contributes to our understanding of how organizations shape individual-level outcomes and social inequality. The first empirical chapter uses a national audit study to investigate the reputational effects of diversity merit scholarships on recent college graduates’ entry into the labor market, and how these signals vary by the racial cues associated with applicants’ names. The second empirical chapter draws on an original survey experiment of hiring managers to further elucidate the determinants and mechanisms of affirmative action stigma. The third empirical chapter leverages archival administrative data from a large diversity postdoctoral pipeline program to compare the career trajectories of postdoctoral fellows and the alternates and finalists who were not selected for a fellowship.
Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog:
Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.)
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Sociology

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