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Title: The Impact of Federal Civil Rights Policy on Black Economic Progress: Evidence From the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972
Authors: Chay, Kenneth
Keywords: 1972 Equal Employment Opportunity Act
civil rights
policy evaluation
natural experiment
Issue Date: 1-Aug-1995
Citation: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 51, No. 4, July 1998
Series/Report no.: Working Papers (Princeton University. Industrial Relations Section) ; 346
Abstract: The Equal Employment Opportunity Act (EEOA) of 1972 extended civil rights coverage to employers with l5-24 employees, while leaving unaffected the civil rights protection for employees of larger finns. In conjunction with already existing state fair employment practice (FEP) laws, the EEOA provides a “natural experiment” in which the treatment and control groups are defined by differences across industries in the fraction of workers employed in the newly-covered establishments and across states in the scope of the PEP laws. Using data from the Current Population Surveys, the treatment and control group methodology is used to evaluate the impact of civil rights policy. This analysis shows that there were large shifts in the employment and pay practices of the industries most affected by the amendment. The timing of the relative gains and their concentration by industry and region provide evidence that the EEOA had a positive impact on the labor market status of African-Americans.
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