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Title: Explorations in the Mathematics of Inviscid Incompressible Fluids
Authors: Kliegl, Markus Vinzenz
Advisors: Constantin, Peter
Contributors: Applied and Computational Mathematics Department
Keywords: dynamic contact angle
incompressible Euler equations
inviscid fluids
mathematical fluid mechanics
moving contact line
orthogonal invariants
Subjects: Applied mathematics
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University
Abstract: The main subject of this dissertation is smooth incompressible fluids. The emphasis is on the incompressible Euler equations in all of R^2 or R^3, but many of the ideas and results can also be adapted to other hydrodynamic systems, such as the Navier-Stokes or surface quasi-geostrophic (SQG) equations. A second subject is the modeling of moving contact lines and dynamic contact angles in inviscid liquid-vapor-solid systems under surface tension. The dissertation is divided into three independent parts: First, we introduce notation and prove useful identities for studying incompressible fluids in a pointwise Lagrangian sense. The main purpose is to provide a unified treatment of results scattered across the literature. Furthermore, we prove several analogs of Constantin’s local pressure formula for other nonlocal operators, such as the Biot-Savart law and Leray projection. Also, we define and study properties of a Lagrangian locally compact Abelian group in terms of which some nonlocal formulas encountered in fluid dynamics may be interpreted as convolutions. Second, we apply the algebraic theory of scalar polynomial orthogonal invariants to the incompressible Euler equations in two and three dimensions. Using this framework, we give simplified proofs of results of Chae and Vieillefosse. We also investigate other uses of orthogonal transformations, such as diagonalizing the deformation tensor along a particle trajectory, and comment on relative advantages and disadvantages. These techniques are likely to be useful in other orthogonally invariant PDE systems as well. Third, we propose an idealized inviscid liquid-vapor-solid model for the macroscopic study of moving contact lines and dynamic contact angles. Previous work mostly addresses viscous systems and frequently ignores a singular stress present when the contact angle is not at its equilibrium value. We also examine and clarify the role that disjoining pressure plays and outline a program for further research.
Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog:
Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.)
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Applied and Computational Mathematics

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