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Title: The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market
Authors: Card, David
Keywords: immigration
labor market competition
Mariel boatlift
Issue Date: 5-May-1989
Citation: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 43, January 1990
Series/Report no.: Working Papers (Princeton University. Industrial Relations Section) ; 253
Abstract: This paper presents an empirical analysis of the impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami labor market, focusing on the effects on wages and unemployment rates of less-skilled workers. The Mariel immigrants increased the population and labor force of the Miami metropolitan area by 6-7 percent. Most of the immigrants were relatively unskilled: as a result, the proportional increase in labor supply to less-skilled occupations and industries was probably much greater. Nevertheless, an analysis of wages of non-Cuban workers in Miami over the 1979-85 period reveals virtually no effect of the Mariel influx. Likewise, there is no indication that the Boatlift lead to an increase in the unemployment rates of less-skilled blacks or other non-Cuban workers. Even among the Cuban population wages and unemployment rates of earlier immigrants were not substantially effected by the arrival of the Mariels.
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