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Title: High-Throughput Microfluidic Capture of Rare Cells from Large Volumes of Blood
Authors: D'Silva, Joseph
Advisors: Sturm, James C
Contributors: Electrical Engineering Department
Subjects: Biomedical engineering
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University
Abstract: Deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) arrays are microfluidic devices capable of high-resolution separation of particles based on size. DLD arrays have been applied to separation of large cells from blood for a wide variety of diagnostic and analytical purposes. The volume of blood processed in these applications has been limited by volume-dependent performance degradation and throughput (volume/time) limitations. We address these issues in three ways in this thesis. First, we develop fabrication methods that increase the density of DLD arrays on a chip of a given area, resulting in an increase in the volumetric flow rate for a given pressure by a factor of ten. Second, we identify conventional platelet-driven clot formation as the source of the volume-dependent performance degradation and develop a method to completely inhibit clot formation in the DLD array, resulting in a 1000-fold increase in the volume of blood processed without device performance degradation. Third, we characterize the effect of post shape on the behavior of cells at high flow rates, corresponding to moderate Reynolds numbers (Re), by showing how post shape can be used to minimize shear-induced compression that reduces the target cell yield and to minimize hydrodynamic asymmetry that results in undesirable displacement of erythrocytes. Lastly, we finish by showing how post shape and row spacing can be used to minimize anisotropic conduction in DLD arrays that leads to non-ideal behavior of particles even at low Re.
Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog:
Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.)
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Electrical Engineering

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