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Title: Resonance in Fast-Wave Amplitude in the Periphery of Cylindrical Plasmas and Application to Edge Losses of Wave Heating Power in Tokamaks
Contributors: Perkins, R.J.
Hosea, J.C.
Bertelli, N.
Taylor, G.
Wilson, J.R.
U. S. Department of Energy contract number DE-AC02-09CH11466
Keywords: Magnetically confined fusion
Wave heating
Cold plasma waves
Issue Date: Jul-2016
Publisher: Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University
Related Publication: Physics of Plasmas, vol. 23, p. 070702 (July 2016)
Abstract: Heating magnetically confined plasmas using waves in the ion-cyclotron range of frequencies typically requires coupling these waves over a steep density gradient. This process has produced an unexpected and deleterious phenomenon on the National Spherical Torus eXperiment (NSTX): a prompt loss of wave power along magnetic field lines in front of the antenna to the divertor. Understanding this loss may be key to achieving effective heating and expanding the operational space of NSTX-Upgrade. Here, we propose that a new type of mode, which conducts a significant fraction of the total wave power in the low-density peripheral plasma, is driving these losses. We demonstrate the existence of such modes, which are distinct from surface modes and coaxial modes, in a cylindrical cold-plasma model when a half wavelength structure fits into the region outside the core plasma. The latter condition generalizes the previous hypothesis regarding the occurence of the edge losses and may explain why full-wave simulations predict these losses in some cases but not others. If valid, this condition implies that outer gap control is a potential strategy for mitigating the losses in NSTX-Upgrade in addition to raising the magnetic field or influencing the edge density.
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