Skip navigation
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Youth Criminal Behavior in the Moving to Opportunity Experiment
Authors: Ludwig, Jens
Kling, Jeffrey R.
Katz, Lawrence
Keywords: neighborhood effects
social experiment
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2004
Series/Report no.: Working Papers (Princeton University. Industrial Relations Section) ; 482
Abstract: The Moving to Opportunity (MTO) demonstration assigned housing vouchers via random lottery to low-income public housing residents in five cities. We use the exogenous variation in residential locations generated by the MTO demonstration to estimate the effects of neighborhoods on youth crime and delinquency. We find that the offer to relocate to lowerpoverty areas reduces the incidence of arrests among female youth for violent crimes and property crimes, and increases self-reported problem behaviors and property crime arrests for male youth -- relative to a control group. Female and male youth move through MTO into similar types of neighborhoods, so the gender difference in MTO treatment effects seems to reflect differences in responses to similar neighborhoods. Within-family analyses similarly show that brothers and sisters respond differentially to the same new neighborhood environments with more adverse effects for males. Males show some short-term improvements in delinquent behaviors from moves to lower-poverty areas, but these effects are reversed and gender differences in MTO treatment effects become pronounced by 3 to 4 years after random assignment.
Appears in Collections:IRS Working Papers

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
482.pdf365.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Download

Items in Dataspace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.