Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp01tb09j567g
 Title: Polities and Peace Authors: Farber, Henry S.Gowa, Joanne Keywords: democracywarinternational relationsdisputesalliances Issue Date: 1-Jan-1994 Citation: International Security, Vol. 20, No. 2, Fall, 1995 Series/Report no.: Working Papers (Princeton University. Industrial Relations Section) ; 324 Abstract: In this paper, we review the central claim of a growing literature: that is, that democratic states rarely, if ever, wage war against and are very unlikely to engage in militarized disputes with other democratic states. We ﬁrst examine the analytic foundations of this claim. We conclude that they are tenuous. Next, we examine the evidence. We ﬁnd that no statistically signiﬁcant relationship exists between regime type and the probability of war before World War I. We also find that the probability of disputes short of war is signiﬁcantly higher for democratic-democratic pairs than for other pairs of states in the pre- 1914 period. In both cases, our analysis shows that the hypothesized relationship prevails only after World War H. Because of the Cold War that ensued after 1945, our results suggest that the relationship we observe between democracy and conflict is the product of common interests rather than of common polities. An analysis of the relationship between regime type and the probability of alliance formation lends support to this interpretation. URI: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp01tb09j567g Related resource: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0162-2889%28199523%2920%3A2%3C123%3APAP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-4 Appears in Collections: IRS Working Papers

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