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Title: Evaporation of 2-Dimensional Black Holes
Authors: Ramazanoglu, Fethi Mubin
Advisors: Pretorius, Frans
Contributors: Physics Department
Keywords: 2-dimensional gravity
black holes
Hawking evaporation
information loss
Subjects: Physics
Theoretical physics
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University
Abstract: We present a detailed analysis of results from a new study of the quantum evaporation of Callan-Giddings-Harvey-Strominger (CGHS) black holes within the mean-field approximation. The CGHS model is a two dimensional model of quantum gravity which has been extensively investigated in the last two decades. Moreover, Ashtekar, Taveras and Varadarajan have recently proposed a solution to the information loss paradox within the context of this model, which has rekindled the interest in it. However, many aspects of black hole evaporation in this model has been overlooked because of lack of a solution for black holes with macroscopic mass. We show that this was due to, in part, limited numerical precision and, in part, misinterpretation of certain properties and symmetries of the model. By addressing these issues, we were, for the first time, able to numerically evolve macroscopic-mass black hole spacetimes of the CGHS model within the mean-field approximation, up to the vicinity of the singularity. Our calculations show that, while some of the assumptions underlying the standard evaporation paradigm are borne out, several are not. One of the anticipated properties we confirm is that the semi-classical space-time is asymptotically flat at right future null infinity, $\spr$, yet incomplete in the sense that null observers reach a future Cauchy horizon in finite affine time. Unexpected behavior includes that the Bondi mass traditionally used in the literature can become negative even when the area of the horizon is macroscopic; an improved Bondi mass remains positive until the end of semi-classical evaporation, yet the final value can be arbitrarily large relative to the Planck mass; and the flux of the quantum radiation at $\spr$ is non-thermal even when the horizon area is large compared to the Planck scale. Furthermore, if the black hole is initially macroscopic, the evaporation process exhibits remarkable universal properties, which offer problems to attack to the mathematical relativity and geometric analysis communities. Our results also provide support for the full quantum scenario developed by Ashtekar et al.
Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog
Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.)
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Physics

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