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Title: Antidumping in Australia: An Analysis of the Effects of Macroeconomic Factors and Legal Reforms
Authors: Kallis, Peter A.
Advisors: Weyerbrock, Silvia
Department: Economics
Class Year: 2015
Abstract: Few studies have looked at the impact of macroeconomic variables and domestic legal reforms on industry demand for antidumping, and none have done so for Australia. This is despite the fact that the Australian antidumping system has undergone a number of important reforms since the mid-1980s and the country was the largest user of antidumping in the world between 1982 and 1998. Using a negative binomial regression and GATT/WTO data on antidumping filings between 1982 and 2011, I test for whether legal reforms and macroeconomic factors such as the real effective exchange rate, real GDP growth, and the rate of import penetration have an impact on antidumping demand. I also include a zero-inflated negative binomial regression as a robustness check to account for the presence of excess zeros in the data. I observe that antidumping filings are strongly correlated with the business cycle in Australia. However, unlike other studies, I find that the real effective exchange rate is largely insignificant and the effect of import penetration is strongly negative. I conclude that at least part of the negative effect of import penetration can be attributed to the growing influence of China on the Australian system during this period. In addition to the effects of the macroeconomic variables, I also conclude that legal reforms can have a significant impact on the incentive to file antidumping petitions, and, in particular, find that the 1988 and 2003 changes to the antidumping system had strong negative effects on the number of antidumping petitions in subsequent periods.
Extent: 96 pages
Type of Material: Princeton University Senior Theses
Language: en_US
Appears in Collections:Economics, 1927-2017

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