Skip navigation
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: A study of surfactant interaction in cement-based systems and the role of the surfactant in frost protection
Authors: Tunstall, Lori Elizabeth
Advisors: Scherer, George W.
Contributors: Civil and Environmental Engineering Department
Keywords: air-entraining agents
air void shells
fly ash
frost protection
Subjects: Materials Science
Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University
Abstract: Air voids are deliberately introduced into concrete to provide resistance against frost damage. However, our ability to control air distribution in both traditional and nontraditional concrete is hindered by the limited amount of research available on air-entraining agent (AEA) interaction with both the solid and solution components of these systems. This thesis seeks to contribute to the information gap in several ways. Using tensiometry, we are able to quantify the adsorption capacity of cement, fly ash, and fly ash carbon for four commercial AEAs. These results indicate that fly ash interference with air entrainment is due to adsorption onto the glassy particles tucked inside carbon, rather than adsorption onto the carbon itself. Again using tensiometry, we show that two of the AEA show a stronger tendency to micellize and to interact with calcium ions than the others, which seems to be linked to the freezing behavior in mortars, since mortars made with these AEA require smaller dosages to achieve similar levels of protection. We evaluate the frost resistance of cement and cement/fly ash mortars by measuring the strain in the body as it is cooled and reheated. All of the mortars show some expansion at temperatures ≥ ¬ 42 ˚C. Many of the cement mortars are able to maintain net compression during this expansion, but none of the fly ash mortars maintain net compression once expansion begins. Frost resistance improves with an increase in AEA dosage, but no correlation is seen between frost resistance and the air void system. Thus, another factor must contribute to frost resistance, which we propose is the microstructure of the shell around the air void. The strain behavior is attributed to ice growth surrounding the void, which can plug the pores in the shell and reduce or eliminate the negative pore pressure induced by the ice inside the air void; the expansion would then result from the unopposed crystallization pressure, but this must be verified by future work. If the shell has numerous, tiny pores it is more difficult to eliminate suction, since more ice is needed to plug all the pores.
Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog:
Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.)
Language: en
Appears in Collections:Civil and Environmental Engineering

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Tunstall_princeton_0181D_11814.pdf42.28 MBAdobe PDFView/Download

Items in Dataspace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.