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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp01pn89d663g
 Title: Non-equilibrium Plasma-Assisted Combustion Authors: Sun, Wenting Advisors: Ju, Yiguang Contributors: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department Keywords: combusitonhydrogen peroxidekinetic mechanism reductionlaser diagnosticspath flux analysisplasma assisted combustion Subjects: Mechanical engineeringEnergyAerospace engineering Issue Date: 2013 Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Abstract: As a promising method to enhance combustion, plasma-assisted combustion has drawn considerable attention. Due to the fast electron impact excitation and dissociation of molecules at low temperatures, plasma introduces new reaction pathways, changes fuel oxidation timescales, and can dramatically modify the combustion processes. In this dissertation, the radical generation from the plasma and its effect on flame extinction and ignition were investigated experimentally together with detailed numerical simulation on a counterflow CH4 diffusion flame. It was found that the atomic oxygen production played a dominant role in enhancing the chain-branching reaction pathways and accelerating fuel oxidation at near limit flame conditions. To understand the direct coupling effect between plasma and flame, a novel plasma-assisted combustion system with in situ discharge in a counterflow diffusion flame was developed. The ignition and extinction characteristics of CH4/O2/He diffusion flames were investigated. For the first time, it was demonstrated that the strong plasma-flame coupling in in situ discharge could significantly modify the ignition/extinction characteristics and create a new fully stretched ignition S-curve. To understand low temperature kinetics of combustion, it is critical to measure the formation and decomposition of H2O2. A molecular beam mass spectrometry (MBMS) system was developed and integrated with a laminar flow reactor. H2O2 measurements were directly calibrated, and compared to kinetic models. The results confirmed that low and intermediate temperature DME oxidation produced significant amounts of H2O2. The experimental characterizations of important intermediate species including H2O2, CH2O and CH3OCHO provided new capabilities to investigate and improve the chemical kinetics especially at low temperatures. A numerical scheme for model reduction was developed to improve the computational efficiency in the simulation of combustion with detailed kinetics. A multi-generation Path Flux Analysis (PFA) method for kinetic mechanism reduction is proposed and validated. In this method, the formation and consumption fluxes of each species at multiple reaction path generations were analyzed and used to identify the important reaction pathways. The comparisons of the ignition delays, flame speeds, and flame structures showed that the PFA method presented a higher accuracy than that of current existing methods in a broad range of initial pressures and temperatures. URI: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp01pn89d663g Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.) Language: en Appears in Collections: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

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