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Title: Gender Differences in Entrepreneurship Entry Decisions: an Empirical Analysis at the U.S. Level
Authors: Turcanu, Roxana
Advisors: Benabou, Roland
Department: Woodrow Wilson School
Class Year: 2016
Abstract: The current paper models the determinants of entrepreneurship entry decisions at the U.S. level, asking whether and how men and women respond differently to factors of interest. The probability of someone becoming an entrepreneur is estimated via a Probit Model, as a function of socio-economic factors, demographic controls, local business climate, liquidity constraints and occupational choice. For every model, errors are clustered by metropolitan area, and coeffcient equality is tested across gender samples. At the individual level, we find that availability of capital remains an important factor, along with skill versatility, education and minority status. When it comes to external factors, we find women are incentivized to a greater extent by tax credits and the state of the political climate, while men respond to positive changes in the local economy. Across industries, we find patterns of women being underrepresented in STEM fields, which is consistent with the case of wage employment and disproves our hypothesis of a breaking-barriers mechanism to starting one's business. Keywords: gender, entrepreneurship, self-employment, innovation, economic growth, incentives, asymmetry, female labor force participation.
Extent: 81 pages
Type of Material: Princeton University Senior Theses
Language: en_US
Appears in Collections:Woodrow Wilson School, 1929-2017

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