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Title: Race, Ranks and Promotions in the Federal Civil Service: A Logit Analysis
Authors: Reimers, Cordelia W.
Killingsworth, Mark R.
Issue Date: 1-Aug-1980
Citation: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 37, No. 1, October 1983
Series/Report no.: Working Papers (Princeton University. Industrial Relations Section) ; 140
Abstract: In this paper we analyze rank assignments and promotions of a group of Federal civilian employees. with special attention to racial differences. To do so, we estimate a multinomial logit model. using pooled data from four different years, on the civilian employees of a large U.S. Army base in the southeastern United States. We derive implications of the estimated parameters concerning the effects of a number of employee characteristics on the relative likelihood of a person's being in the various ranks. To measure the effect of race on rank assignments and promotions, we use a simulation method that provides information for a polytomous discrete dependent variable that is equivalent to that given by a linear regression coefficient for a continuous dependent variable. _Our application of the multinomial logit model to pooled time series cross section data assumes that the stochastic error terms are independently distributed. across persons and ranks and over time. We test the adequacy of this assumption for analyzing three aspects of ranking and promotions: 1) the rank distribution of employees at a given time, 2) shifts over time in the aggregate rank distribution of a cohort of employees, and 3) rank-to-rank movements of individual employees over time. We find that the model performs adequately in the first two cases, but fails in the third.
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