Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp019880vt46s
 Title: Virtue, Actions, and Ends in Aristotle's Ethics Authors: Hirji, Sukaina Hirji Advisors: Lorenz, HendrikMorison, Benjamin Contributors: Philosophy Department Keywords: Aristotleethicsmetaphysics Subjects: Philosophy Issue Date: 2016 Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Abstract: Are ethically virtuous actions ends in themselves, choiceworthy for their own sake? Or, instead, are they the sorts of actions choiceworthy for the good ends or consequences they aim to realize? In the \textit{Nicomachean Ethics} (NE) Aristotle seems committed to both claims. Whether Aristotle is in fact inconsistent on this point is no trivial matter; the relationship between virtuous actions and their ends bears directly on the central question of the NE, the nature of human happiness. My dissertation argues that in order to understand the way in which virtuous actions are related to their ends, we need to get clear on what it means, in the first place, for an action to be an end. It is often thought that actions are ends by being what agents aim at, or ought to aim at, in their deliberations. This, I argue, is a mistake. The notion of ends at play in Aristotle's descriptions of virtuous actions is the same one found throughout his theoretical philosophy: certain actions are ends in much the same teleological sense in which an oak tree is the end of an acorn, and health is the end of the medical art. Appreciating how Aristotle's metaphysical conception of ends is at work in his ethical theory can shed new light on old debates about the nature of virtuous actions and their relationship to eudaimonia. URI: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp019880vt46s Alternate format: The Mudd Manuscript Library retains one bound copy of each dissertation. Search for these copies in the library's main catalog: catalog.princeton.edu Type of Material: Academic dissertations (Ph.D.) Language: en Appears in Collections: Philosophy

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