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Title: The Effect of Attending a Small Class in the Early Grades on College-Test Taking and Middle School Test Results: Evidence from Project STAR
Authors: Krueger, Alan B.
Whitmore, Diane
Keywords: class size
STAR experiment
college-entrance test
Issue Date: 1-Oct-1999
Citation: Economic Journal, 111, (468) January 2001
Series/Report no.: Working Papers (Princeton University. Industrial Relations Section) ; 427
Abstract: This paper provides a long-term follow-up of students who participated in the Tennessee STAR experiment. The Tennessee STAR experiment randomly assigned l 1,600 elementary school students and their teachers to a small class, regular-size class or regular-size class with a teacher- aide. The experiment began with the wave of students who entered kindergarten in 1985, and lasted for four years. After third grade, all students returned to regular-size classes. We analyze the effect of past attendance in a small class on standardized test scores through the eighth grade, on whether students took the ACT or SAT college entrance exam, and on how they performed on the ACT or SAT exam. The results suggest that attending a small class in the early grades is associated with somewhat higher performance on standardized tests, and an increase in the likelihood that students take a college-entrance exam, especially among minority students. Most significantly, being assigned to a small class appears to have narrowed the black-white gap in college-test taking by 54 percent.
Appears in Collections:IRS Working Papers

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